Batir phosphate na lithium sun mamaye kasuwa a karon farko cikin shekaru hudu

A cikin 2021, yawan haɓakar jigilar kayayyaki na batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate ya zarce batirin lithium na ternary wanda ya mamaye fa'idar kasuwa tsawon shekaru da yawa.Dangane da bayanan da ke sama, shigar da ƙarfin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate da batura lithium na ternary a cikin kasuwar batirin wutar lantarki a cikin 2021 zai kai kashi 53% da 47% bi da bi, gabaɗayan jujjuya yanayin cewa fitowar batirin ƙarfe phosphate ya ragu. fiye da batirin lithium na uku tun daga 2018.

Chen Yongchong, farfesa a Cibiyar Injiniya ta Lantarki ta Kwalejin Kimiyya ta kasar Sin, ya shaida wa manema labarai cewa, “Babban fashewar da ake samu na jigilar batir phosphate ta lithium yana da nasaba da saurin bunkasuwar sabbin masana'antun motocin makamashi na kasar Sin.Ko da yake tasirin COVID-19 a cikin shekarar da ta gabata ya ci gaba da wanzuwa, yanayin saurin bunkasuwar sabbin masana'antun motocin makamashi na kasar Sin bai canza ba ta fuskar samar da kayayyaki da tallace-tallace.A lokaci guda, a cikin mahallin kololuwar carbon da maƙasudin tsaka tsaki na carbon, sabbin motocin makamashi sun sami kulawar da ba a taɓa yin irinsa ba."

Sabbin kididdigar kungiyar masu kera motoci ta kasar Sin: A shekarar 2021, yawan adadin sabbin motocin makamashi a kasar Sin ya kai raka'a miliyan 3.545, tare da ci gaban shekara zuwa kashi 159.5%, kuma kason kasuwa ya haura zuwa kashi 13.4%. .

phosphate batteries 1

Ya kamata a lura da cewa yawan ci gaban jigilar kayayyaki na batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate da zarar ya “fita” yawan haɓakar samar da sabbin motocin makamashi, wanda ke da alaƙa kai tsaye da raguwar tallafin sabbin motocin makamashi a China.Ana sa ran za a janye tallafin sabbin motocin makamashi na kasar Sin a shekarar 2023, kuma amfanin batir lithium na ternary na samun tallafin manufofi saboda yawan makamashin da suke da shi zai ragu.Haɗe da hauhawar buƙatun kasuwa na batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate a fagen ajiyar makamashin lantarki a cikin ƴan shekaru masu zuwa, haɓakar batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate zai wuce na batir lithium na ternary.

Ayyukan samfur da fa'idar farashi

Baya ga ingantaccen yanayi na waje, ƙarfin samfurin lithium iron phosphate baturin shima yana haɓaka cikin sauri.Ayyukan samfur na yanzu da fa'idodin tsadar batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate sun yi fice, wanda shine muhimmin al'amari don "dawowa" a cikin 2021.

Tun daga shekara ta 2020, an ƙaddamar da byd tun lokacin da batirin lithium baƙin ƙarfe phosphate batir, ƙarfin ƙarfin batirin lithium ƙasa da yuan uku ya raunana lalacewar gargajiya na ci gaba da sabbin fasahohi a lokaci guda, batir phosphate na lithium baƙin ƙarfe na iya biyan bukatun duk waɗanda ke ƙasa da kewayon. Samfuran kilomita 600, musamman sabbin kamfanonin makamashi irin su byd, tesla zuwa lithium iron phosphate buƙatun buƙatun baturi ya kawo ƙarfi mai ƙarfi.

phosphate batteries 2

Idan aka kwatanta da batirin lithium na ternary mai tsada da ƙarancin karafa irin su cobalt da nickel, farashin batirin lithium iron phosphate ya ragu sosai, musamman lokacin da farashin kayan masarufi kamar lithium anode, cathode da electrolyte ya hauhawa, farashin matsi na manyan. -ma'auni yana da ƙananan ƙananan.

A cikin 2021, farashin lithium carbonate da cobalt, kayan albarkatun batir lithium, za su yi tashin gwauron zabi.Ko da a kasuwannin duniya, inda batir lithium na terpolymer a asali ya sami fa'ida sosai, Tesla, BMW, Ford, Hyundai, Renault da sauran kamfanonin mota sun ce za su yi la'akari da canzawa zuwa batir phosphate na lithium baƙin ƙarfe tare da fa'ida mai tsada.

Ya kamata a lura da cewa yiwuwar haɗari na batir lithium na ternary har yanzu yana da yawa fiye da na batir phosphate na lithium baƙin ƙarfe, babban dalilin shi ne cewa tsarin tsarin ciki na ƙarshen ya fi aminci.


Lokacin aikawa: Fabrairu-23-2022